Walking and balance in your body is a coordinated work between your peripheral nervous system, musculoskeletal system, spinal cord, eyes, ears, and brain. If any part of this complex system fails or not optimized then your balance will be affected.
How does this convoluted system work?
Let’s look at your computer….
You have the peripherals including mouse, keyboard, touch screen, and in some cases voice activation. Each provides an input to your computer circuitry that is then combined with others and sent to your computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU). CPU analyzes theses inputs and data and does what it is asked to do that appears on your screen. In your body, the process is exactly the same as far as walking and balance go. You have nerve endings in your feet that can reed the sensation when you walk. There are pressure devices in your joints that can read the amount of pressure applied to the joint and the direction of the applied pressure to inform the joint of its current position in space and where it is heading. There are also appliances embedded in your muscles that can read the position of the muscle in space in correlation to the ground below and your body’s global positioning compared to your surrounding. Your eyes
Balance training requires your entire body to work together, otherwise you will fall or stumble. Improved coordination during balance training will be transferred into coordination in everyday life. 3) Joint Stability – Balance training promotes stables knees, ankles, hips, and shoulders.